Portland Oregon history.

Sunday, September 17, 2006

A Good Ruin is Hard to Find


In the 1940’s photographers in Portland, such as Minor White, began to document the heartbreaking piecemeal destruction of Old Portland’s cast-iron fronted city beside the river. Thirty years later when the process was complete, only twenty of the approximately one hundred eighty cast-iron ornamented buildings survived.

Photographs by Dan Haneckow, 2006.


The scenes are haunting, stark and mournful, with gutted storefronts, collapsed walls and desolate window openings bereft of glass. They are a portrayal of loss, not just fine buildings and history, but of a gorgeous, harmonious streetscape.

As Gideon Bosker and Lena Lencek state in “Frozen Music, A History of Portland Architecture”:

“Had they spared only 20 more cast-iron buildings in the Yamhill and Skidmore Fountain Districts; in addition to those that narrowly escaped destruction, Portland could have boasted a coherent , though Lilliputian “European” city along its waterfront that would have rivaled the historical SoHo District in New York."




Today it is possible to take pictures that recall those melancholy times (albeit without Minor White’s boundless talent), in much happier circumstances.


As part of the University of Oregon’s expansion into Old Town, the Bickel Block, on the corner of Couch and Naito Parkway (Front Street) and the neighboring Skidmore Block and Hirsch-Weiss “White Stag” Buildings are under renovation to hold classroom and office space. The Venerable Group Inc, which specializes in historic properties, plans for the project to be completed in 2008.


Cast-iron columns were made by the Architectural Iron Works in San Francisco California. Long hidden behind a cement wall, they have been revealed in the renovation.


The Bickel Block and the Hirsch-Weiss “White Stag” Building.

The Bickel Block was built in 1883, relatively late in the cast-iron era. Justus Krumbein was the architect.

Frederick Bickel arrived in Portland in 1853, and in partnership with Frank Dekum, established a confectionary and restaurant business on Front Street. Dekum would retire in 1878. In 1883 Bickel sold the business, to concentrate on investing in buildings and construction. He retired in 1907.

For many years the building was owned by the Fraser Paper Company before being purchased by the Naito brothers.


Old wall advertising on the buildings north side, revealed by sandblasting.


The restored Blagen Block (1888) borders the Bickel Block to the west, at the corner of 1st and Couch. Unlike the Bickel Block and the neighboring Skidmore Block (1889), it is not part of the University of Oregon complex.


The interstection of Bickel and Blagen.



Three blocks west, seven blocks south and nine years later, the Dekum building was built by Fred Bickel’s former partner, Frank Dekum, in 1892. The building illustrates the shifts in style, scale, and the location of the city's core that occurred in the 1890s.


More information:

An Architectural Guidebook to Portland
by Bart King

A Century of Portland Architecture
by Thomas Vaughan and George A. McMath

Frozen Music, A History of Portland Architecture
by Gideon Bosker and Lena Lencek

The Grand Era of Cast-Iron Architecture in Portland
by William John Hawkins III




Detail of the Dekum Building.